Das geteilte Haus. Geschlechtergetrenntes Wohnen in kolonialzeitlichen Städten Südostasiens


  • Mai Lin Tjoa-Bonatz Goethe-Universität Frankfurt




Wohnhaus, Südostasien, Kolonialstadt, Raumaufteilung, Malaysia


Baupläne des späten 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhunderts zeigen in den britischen Kolonialstadtgründungen Penang (Malaysia) und Singapur, dass genderdifferenzierte Raumkonzepte das Wohnen geprägt haben. In diesem Artikel werden die Formen des Wohnens sowie der Wandel der Raum- und Stadtstrukturen im kolonialstädtischen Südostasien beschrieben, die zur Herausbildung dieser binären Raumstrukturen geführt haben. Neben den sozioökonomischen Veränderungsprozessen verdienen Aspekte wie Geschlechterbeziehungen, Familien- und Haushaltsformen sowie vorbildprägende Wohnformen der Oberschichten besondere Aufmerksamkeit. Der Wandel der Wohnformen und -verhältnisse wird am Beispiel des innerstädtischen Shophouses konkretisiert. Das Shophouse hatte sich von einem teilgewerblich genutzten Stadthaus, das nach dem chinesischen Hofhaus angelegt war, zu einem Wohnreihenhaus nach Vorbildern viktorianischer Vorstadthäuser in Großbritannien entwickelt und diente schließlich als suburbanes Wohnhaus.


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Tjoa-Bonatz, M. L. (2018). Das geteilte Haus. Geschlechtergetrenntes Wohnen in kolonialzeitlichen Städten Südostasiens. Open Gender Journal, 2. https://doi.org/10.17169/ogj.2018.5